He recorded over one hundred songs that became hits on the pop charts. His trio was the model for small jazz ensembles I´d Rather Die Young - Johnny Cash - 100 Hits Legends Johnny Cash followed.
Cole also acted in films and on television and performed on Broadway. He was the first African-American man to host an American television series. Cole learned to play the organ from his mother, Perlina Coles, the church organist.
We Have No Bananas " at the age of four. When he was fifteen, Cole dropped out of high school to pursue a music career. After his brother Eddie, a bassist, came home from touring with Noble Sisslethey formed a sextet and recorded two singles for Decca in as Eddie Cole's Swingsters. They performed in a revival of the musical Shuffle Along.
Nat Cole went on tour with the musical. Inhe married Nadine Robinson, who was a member of the cast. After the show ended in Los Angeles, Cole and Nadine settled there while he looked for work. He led a big band, then found work playing piano in nightclubs. When a club owner asked him to form a band, he hired bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore.
They called themselves the King Cole Swingsters after the nursery rhyme in which " Old King Cole was a merry old soul. Cole recorded " Sweet Lorraine " inand it became his first hit. Cole said that this fabricated story sounded good, so he didn't argue with it. In fact there was a customer one night who demanded that he sing, but because it was a song Cole didn't know, he sang "Sweet Lorraine" instead.
As people heard Cole's vocal talent, they requested more vocal songs, and he obliged. Cole appeared in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts in He was credited on Mercury as "Shorty Nadine", a derivative of his wife's name, because he had an exclusive contract with Capitol  since signing with the label the year before.
He recorded with Illinois Jacquet and Lester Young. In the trio broadcast King Cole Trio Timea fifteen-minute radio program. This was the first radio program to be sponsored by a black musician. Between and the trio recorded radio transcriptions for Capitol Records Transcription Service.
Cole began recording and performing pop-oriented material in which he was often accompanied by a string orchestra. The variety program was one of the first hosted by an African American,  The program started at a length of fifteen-minutes but was increased to a half-hour in July Rheingold Beer was a regional sponsor, but a national sponsor was never found.
The last episode aired on December 17, Love Is the Thing went to number one in April remained his only number one album. It was so popular in Latin America and the U.
After the change in musical tastes, Cole's ballads appealed little to young listeners, My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E a successful attempt at rock and roll with " Send for Me ",  which peaked at number 6 on the pop chart. Like Dean MartinFrank Sinatraand Tony Bennetthe found that the pop chart had been taken over by youth-oriented acts. Cole later retooled the concept album into an Off-Broadway show, I'm with You.
He performed in many short films, sitcoms, and television shows and played W. Handy in the film St. Louis Blues He was introduced as "the best friend a song ever had" and sang " When I Fall in Love ". Cat Ballouhis final film, was released several months after his death. Earlier on, Cole's shift to traditional pop led some jazz critics and fans to accuse him of selling out, but he never abandoned his jazz roots; as late as he recorded an all-jazz album, After Midnightand many of his albums after this are fundamentally jazz-based, being scored for big band without strings, although the arrangements focus primarily on the vocal rather than instrumental leads.
Cole had one of his last major hits intwo My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E before his death, with " Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer ", which reached number 6 on the Pop chart. The duet version rose to the top of the pop charts, almost forty years after its original popularity. Around the time Cole launched his singing career, he entered into Freemasonry. The lodge was named after fellow Prince Hall mason and jazz musician Fats Waller.
InNelson Riddle related an incident from some years earlier and told of music studio engineers, searching for a source of noise, finding Cole listening to a game on a transistor radio. Cole met his first wife, Nadine Robinson, while they were on tour for the all-black Broadway musical Shuffle Along. He was 18 when they married. They had five children: Natalie —who had a successful career as a singer, died of congestive heart failure; an adopted daughter, Carole —, the daughter of Maria's sisterwho died of lung cancer at the age of 64; an adopted son, Nat Kelly Cole —who died of AIDS at the age of 36;  and twin daughters, Casey and Timolin born September 26,whose birth was announced in the "Milestones" column of Time magazine on October 6, Maria supported him during his final illness and stayed with him until his death.
In an interview, she emphasized his musical legacy and the class he exhibited despite his imperfections. In AugustCole purchased a house from Col.
The Ku Klux Klanwhich was active in Los Angeles in the s, responded by placing a burning cross on his front lawn. Members of the property-owners association told Cole they did not want any "undesirables" moving into the neighborhood. Cole responded, "Neither do I. And if I see anybody undesirable coming in here, I'll be the first to complain.
In Cole was contracted to perform in Cuba. He wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba in Havana but was refused because it operated a color bar. Cole honored his contract, and the concert at the Tropicana Club was a huge success. During the following year, he returned to Cuba for another concert, singing many songs in Spanish. Having circulated photographs of Cole with white female fans bearing incendiary boldface captions reading "Cole and His White Women" and "Cole and Your Daughter"  three men belonging to the North Alabama Citizens Council assaulted Cole, apparently attempting to kidnap him.
The three assailants ran down the aisles of the auditorium towards Cole. He did not finish the concert. A fourth member of the group was later arrested. All were tried and convicted. Six men, including year-old Willie Richard Vinson, were formally charged with assault with intent to murder him, but later the charge against four of them was changed to conspiracy to commit a misdemeanour. The original plan Umgestalten - Poems For Laila - Frühstück In Budapest attack Cole included men from Birmingham and nearby towns.
After being attacked in Birmingham, Cole said, "I can't understand it I have not taken part in any protests.
Nor have I joined an organization fighting segregation. Why should they attack me? Cole said he wanted to forget the incident and continued to play for segregated audiences in the south.
He said he could not change the situation in a day. He contributed money to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and had sued northern hotels that had hired him but refused to serve him. Roy Wilkinsexecutive secretary My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E the NAACP, wrote him a telegram that said, "You have not been a crusader or engaged in an effort to change the customs or My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E of the South. That responsibility, newspapers quote you as saying, you leave to the other guys.
That attack upon you clearly indicates that organized bigotry makes no distinction between those who do not actively challenge racial discrimination and those who do. This is a fight which none of us can escape. We invite you to join us in a crusade against racism. The Chicago Defender said Cole's performances Three Little Sixes - Quo Vadis - Quo Vadis My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E audiences were an insult to his race.
Jailer, Bring Me Water - Trini Lopez - Golden Folk Album New York Amsterdam News said that "thousands of Harlem blacks who have worshiped at the shrine of singer Nat King Cole turned their Colin Maillard - Schumann*, Yves Nat - Scènes Denfants on him this week as the noted crooner turned his back on the NAACP and said that he will continue to play to Jim Crow audiences.
Deeply hurt by the criticism in the black press, Cole was chastened. Emphasizing his opposition to racial segregation "in any form", he agreed to join other entertainers in boycotting segregated venues. Until Jinge (Jingo) - Santana - Santana death inCole was an active and visible participant in the civil rights movementplaying an important role in planning the March on Washington in He was among the dozens of entertainers recruited by Frank Sinatra to perform at the Kennedy Inaugural gala in Cole consulted with President Kennedy and his successor, Lyndon B.
Johnsonon civil rights. In SeptemberCole began to lose weight and he experienced back pain. In December, he was working in San Francisco when he was finally persuaded by friends to seek medical help. A malignant tumor in an advanced state of growth on his left lung Hello - Various - EuropaFM Presenta Europa Baila Vol 2 observed on a chest X-ray.
Cole, who had been a heavy cigarette smoker, had lung cancer and was expected to have only months to live. The music was released on the album L-O-V-E shortly before his death. Cole entered St. At home Cole Carlos Alberto Moniz - Herdeiros Da Maresia able to see the hundreds of thousands of cards and letters that had been sent after news of his illness was made public.
Cole returned to the hospital in early January. Maria confronted her husband, and Cole finally broke off the relationship with Hutton. On January 25, Cole's entire left lung was surgically removed. His My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E died of heart problems on February 1.
Billboard magazine reported that "Nat King Cole has successfully come through a serious operation and John's to drive by the sea.
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