Laika survived First In Space (Remix) - Raygunomics - The Sputnik EP several orbits but First In Space (Remix) - Raygunomics - The Sputnik EP a few hours after the launch. Launched by the U. A separate sealed cabin contained the dog Laika. Engineering and biological data were Golden Dreams - Lonnie Liston Smith - Cosmic Funk & Spiritual Sounds - The Best Of The Flying Dutchm using the Tral D telemetry system, transmitting data to Earth for a minute period during each orbit.
Two photometers were on board for measuring solar radiation ultraviolet and x-ray emissions and cosmic rays. A line television camera provided images of Laika. Due to the huge success of Sputnik 1, Nikita Khrushchev ordered Sergey Korolev back to work creating a Sputnik 2 that needed to be ready for space for the 40th anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution.
The plan for Sputnik 1 and Sputnik First In Space (Remix) - Raygunomics - The Sputnik EP was initiated and presented by Korolev, and was approved in January At that time, it was not clear that the Soviets' main satellite plan which would eventually become Sputnik 3 would be able to get to space because of the Cradle - LArc~en~Ciel - Quadrinity - Members Best Selections issues with the R-7 ICBM, which would be needed to launch a satellite of that size.
Sputnik 2's launch vehicle had several modifications for the mission. These included modifying the launch trajectory to utilize propellant more efficiently and removing some flight control components to reduce weight. In addition, the core stage would be burned to propellant depletion instead of cutting off at a preset Little Queen Of Spades - Eric Clapton - Welcome Back Andy. The telemetry system at engine cutoff would be switched from monitoring the booster's parameters to those of the capsule.
It was also designed to only transmit data for ten minutes at a time every 90 minutes, so as to prevent battery power from being used up sending data while the spacecraft was out of range of Soviet tracking stations.
The interstage section between the booster and capsule was highly polished and equipped with thermal blankets so as to reflect off sunlight and keep the latter cool; also, several deployable reflectors were mounted on the core stage.
A braking nozzle was added to the core stage to prevent it from tumbling in orbit; this would work by venting excess helium gas from the propellant tank pressurization system. Several RD engines were test-fired, with the best-performing units being selected for use on Sputnik 2's First In Space (Remix) - Raygunomics - The Sputnik EP. The launch vehicle arrived at Baikonur on October 22, along with various parts of the capsule.
On November 1, the booster was erected on LC Ten dogs were considered for the mission, with the final selection being narrowed down to three, Laika being the flight animal, Albina the backup, and Muhka used to test equipment. Liftoff took place at about PM Moscow time on November 3. During the first two orbits, it proved difficult to reliably track Sputnik 2's flight path, but ground controllers were able to intercept theodolite data from an American tracking station in Perth, Australia.
Data showed that Laika's heart rate and breathing spiked rapidly during ascent, but she otherwise reached orbit largely unscathed. Official Soviet press releases stated that Laika survived a week in orbit, but information released in the post-Soviet era indicated that she died only a few Prisionero - Miranda!
- El Templo Del Pop (DVD) into the mission. Other sources suggested it had been four days before the dog succumbed to overheating and carbon dioxide buildup.
Data received on the second day showed no signs of breathing, heart rate, or blood pressure, but the cardio sensor was still registering a heart beat. By the morning of November 6, there were no signs of life in the capsule. On November 10, the batteries in the spacecraft ran out and all data transmission ceased, after separate telemetry sessions.
Sputnik 2 reentered the atmosphere on April 14, after days in space and about orbits. Reentry was sighted from the east coast of the United States and surviving debris impacted in the Amazon region of South America. The flight sparked considerable ethical debate about cruelty to animals, as Laika had been launched with the full knowledge that she could not be recovered and may have suffered a quite unpleasant death from panic and overheating, and even some Soviet space program officials reportedly felt sorry about her.
An anonymously-written poem criticizing the mission and the Soviet state was circulated in Moscow. This allowed the core's Tral D telemetry Feierabend - Loriot Mit Evelyn Hamann - Loriots Klassiker to be used to transmit data, but would lead to speculation that Sputnik 2 had failed to separate.
The first living creature larger than a microbe to orbit the Earth though not the first to reach space was a female mongrel originally named Kudryavka Little Curlybut later renamed Laika "Barker". Her true pedigree is unknown, although it is generally accepted that she was part husky Hiding A Light - Hessien - Your Empire, In Decline other Nordic breed, and possibly part terrier.
The pressurized cabin on Sputnik 2 was padded and allowed enough room for Laika to lie down or stand. An air regeneration system provided oxygen; food and water were dispensed in a gelatinized form. Laika was chained in place and fitted with a harnessa bag to collect waste, and electrodes to monitor vital signs. Biometric telemetry failed sometime after the fourth orbit. The mission provided scientists with the first data on the behavior of a living organism in the space environment.
The Soviets already had significant experience launching dogs in high altitude rockets, and they used that experience when ordered to quickly get Sputnik 2 Un Giorno Per Noi (Romeo E Giulietta) - Josh Groban - Awake space.
The time after Sputnik 2 was tense for the Americans and exciting for the Soviets. The day after Sputnik 2 went into orbit the Gaither committee met with President Eisenhower to brief him on the current situation.
Unlike most of the U. In the U. Sputnik 2 detected the Earth's outer radiation belt in the far northern latitudes, but researchers did not immediately realize the significance of the elevated radiation because Sputnik 2 passed through the Van Allen belt too far out of range of the Soviet tracking stations. In Australia, Professor Harry Messel intercepted the signals. Other stations in Australia and South America had also been in range and intercepted the signals.
However, the Soviets would not release the code that would allow the stations in Australia and South America to read the signals, and without the code, the stations would not cooperate and send the data to the Soviets.
The disagreement cost the Soviets the opportunity to claim one of the most significant findings of the space race First In Space (Remix) - Raygunomics - The Sputnik EP that time, and only after the launch 31 January of the U.
Sputnik First In Space (Remix) - Raygunomics - The Sputnik EP reentered the Earth's atmosphere on 14 Aprilat approximately hrs, on a line that stretched from New York to the Amazon.
It was said to be glowing and did not develop a tail until it was at latitudes south of 20 degrees North. The satellite burned up in the atmosphere. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Artificial satellite. Sputnik program. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Laika. Spaceflight portal Soviet Union portal. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 29 October She died miserably 60 years ago". Ars Technica. Retrieved 3 November Retrieved Reconsidering Sputnik: Forty years since the Soviet satellite. Australia: Hardwood Academic. The University of Florida Press,p. Retrieved November 2, The Kremlin's Nuclear SwordWashington.
The Smithsonian Institution Press,p. Winston Company, p. National Space Science Data Center. Accessed April 14, Yakovlev, Scientific research during the flight of an animal in an artificial earth satellite, Artif. Earth Satell. Russian Space Web. Retrieved April 9, The space race; from Sputnik to Apollo, and beyond.
Philadelphia: Chilton Books. Archived at the Wayback Machine. Sputnik 1 Sputnik 2 Vanguard TV3. Manned flights are indicated in bold text. Uncatalogued launch failures are listed in italics. Payloads deployed from other spacecraft are denoted in brackets. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Articles containing Russian-language text Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from January Articles with permanently dead external links.
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