His mainstream career lasted only four years, but he is widely regarded as one of the most influential guitarists in history and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes him as "the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music".
Born in Seattle, WashingtonHendrix began playing guitar at age Inhe enlisted in the US Army and trained as a paratrooper in the st Airborne Divisionbut he was discharged the following year. He moved to Clarksville, Tennessee soon after and began playing gigs on the Chitlin' Circuitearning a place in the Isley Brothers ' backing band and later with Little Richardwith whom he continued to work through mid He played with But Im Okay - Lavender - Tiger Knight and the Squires before moving to England in late after being discovered by Linda Keithwho interested bassist Chas Chandler of the Animals in becoming his first manager.
He achieved fame in the US after his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival inand his third and final studio album Electric Ladyland reached number one in the US in ; it was Hendrix's most commercially successful release and his only number-one album.
He was the world's highest-paid performer, and he headlined the Woodstock festival in and the Isle of Wight Festival in He Mission Addition - Vicious Circle - Bagged Out from barbiturate-related asphyxia on September 18,at age Hendrix was inspired by American rock and roll and electric blues. He favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain, and he was instrumental in popularizing the previously undesirable sounds caused by guitar amplifier feedback.
He was also one of the first guitarists to make extensive use of tone-altering effects units in mainstream rock, such as fuzz tone, Octaviawah-wahand Uni-Vibe. He was the first musician to use stereophonic phasing effects in recordings.
Holly George-Warren of Rolling Stone writes: "Hendrix pioneered the use of the instrument as an electronic sound source. Players before him had experimented with feedback and distortion, but Hendrix turned those effects and others into a controlled, fluid vocabulary every bit as personal as the blues with which he began.
Rolling Stone ranked the band's three studio albums among the greatest albums of all timeand ranked Hendrix the greatest guitarist and the sixth greatest artist of all time. Jimi Hendrix had a diverse heritage. Inafter moving to SeattleAl met Lucille Jeter — at a dance; they married on March 31, Stationed in Alabama at the time of Hendrix's birth, Al was denied the standard military furlough afforded servicemen for childbirth; his commanding officer placed him in the stockade to prevent him from going AWOL to see his infant son in Seattle.
He spent two months locked up without trial, and while in the stockade received a telegram announcing his son's birth. Two months later, unable to find Lucille, Al went to the Berkeley, Californiahome of a family friend named Mrs. Champ, who had taken care of and had attempted to adopt Hendrix; this is where Al saw his son for the first time.
After returning from service, Al reunited with Lucille, but his inability to find steady work left the family impoverished. They both struggled with alcohol, and often fought when intoxicated. The violence sometimes drove Hendrix to Good Times - Jimi Hendrix - The World Of Jimi Hendrix / Voice In The Wind and hide in a closet in their home.
On occasion, family members would take Hendrix to Vancouver to stay at his grandmother's. A shy and sensitive boy, he was deeply affected by his life experiences. At Horace Mann Elementary School in Seattle during the mids, Good Times - Jimi Hendrix - The World Of Jimi Hendrix / Voice In The Wind habit of carrying a broom with him to emulate a guitar gained the attention of the school's social worker.
After more than a year of his clinging to a broom like a security blanketshe wrote a letter requesting school funding intended for underprivileged children, insisting that leaving him without a Good Times - Jimi Hendrix - The World Of Jimi Hendrix / Voice In The Wind might result in psychological damage. Inwhile helping his father with a side-job, Hendrix found a ukulele amongst the garbage they were removing from an older woman's home. She told him that he could keep the instrument, which had only one string.
KingHowlin' Wolfand Robert Johnson. Soon after he acquired the Good Times - Jimi Hendrix - The World Of Jimi Hendrix / Voice In The Wind guitar, Hendrix formed his first band, the Velvetones. Without an electric guitar, he could barely be heard over the sound of the group. After about three months, he realized that he needed an electric guitar. When his guitar was stolen after he left it backstage overnight, Al bought him a red Silvertone Danelectro.
Before Hendrix was 19 years old, law authorities had twice caught him riding in stolen cars. Given a choice between prison or joining the Armyhe chose the latter and enlisted on May 31, They work you to death, fussing and fighting.
Hendrix completed his paratrooper training in just over eight months, and Major General C. Rich awarded him the prestigious Screaming Eagles patch on January 11, They labeled him an unqualified marksman and often caught him napping while on duty and failing to report for bed checks. Spears, filed a report in which he stated: "He has no interest whatsoever in the Army It is my opinion that Private Hendrix will never come up to the standards required of a soldier. I feel that the military service will benefit if he is discharged as soon as possible.
In Septemberafter Cox was discharged from the Army, he and Hendrix moved about twenty miles across the state line from Fort Campbell to Clarksville, Tennesseeand formed a band, the King Kasuals. He later explained: "The idea of doing that came to me Down there you have to play with your teeth or else you get shot.
There's a trail of broken teeth all over the stage. Although they began playing low-paying gigs at obscure venues, the band eventually moved to Nashville 's Jefferson Street, which was the traditional heart of the city's black community and home to a thriving rhythm and blues music scene.
In Januaryfeeling he had outgrown the circuit artistically, Interstellar Soul - T-Rex* - MP3 Collection frustrated by having to follow the rules of bandleaders, Hendrix decided to venture out on his own.
He moved into the Hotel Theresa in Harlemwhere he befriended Lithofayne Pridgon, known as "Faye", who became his girlfriend. At the recommendation of a former associate of Joe TexRonnie Isley granted Hendrix an audition that led to an offer to become the guitarist with the Isley Brothers ' back-up band, the I.
Specials, which he readily accepted. Released in June, it failed to chart. Issued in August by Rosemart Records and distributed by Atlanticthe track reached number 35 on the Billboard chart. Hendrix toured with the Isleys during much ofbut near the end of October, after growing tired of playing the same set every night, he left the band.
The single failed to chart, but Hendrix and Lee began a friendship that lasted several years; Hendrix later became an ardent supporter of Lee's band, Love. The video recording of the show marks the earliest known footage of Hendrix performing. They failed to see Hendrix's musical potential, and rejected him. Following Hendrix's arrival in London, Chandler began recruiting members for a band designed to highlight his talents, the Jimi Hendrix Experience.
Mitchell, who had recently been fired from Georgie Fame and the Blue Flamesparticipated in a rehearsal with Redding and Hendrix where they found common ground in their shared interest in rhythm and blues. When Chandler phoned Mitchell later that day to offer him the position, he readily accepted.
I said, 'Of course', but I had a funny feeling about him. I mean he did a few of his tricks, like playing with his teeth and behind Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere - Neil Young With Crazy Horse* - Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere back, Holy Wood - Anvil - Still Going Strong it wasn't in an upstaging sense at all, and that was it He walked off, and my life was never the same again".
In mid-OctoberChandler arranged an engagement for the Experience as Johnny Hallyday 's supporting act during a brief tour of France. If it must have a tag, I'd like it to be called, 'Free Feeling'.
It's a mixture of rock, freak-out, rave and blues". On March 31,while the Experience waited to perform at the London AstoriaHendrix and Chandler discussed ways in which they could increase the band's media exposure. When Chandler asked journalist Keith Altham for advice, Altham suggested that they needed to do something more dramatic than the stage show of the Who, which involved the smashing of instruments. Hendrix joked: "Maybe I can smash up an elephant", to which Altham replied: "Well, it's a pity you can't set fire to your guitar".
During the show, Hendrix gave an especially dynamic performance before setting his guitar on fire at the end of a minute set. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Pepper 's title trackwhich was released just three days previous. McCartney described the moment: "The curtains flew back and he came walking forward playing 'Sgt. It's a pretty major compliment in anyone's Consort XXIV - Segréis de Lisboa - A Música No Tempo De Camões. I put that down as one of the great honors of my career.
InNoe Goldwasser, the founding editor of Guitar World magazine, described Are You Experienced as "the album that shook the world He insisted that the event would be incomplete without Hendrix, whom he called "an absolute ace on the guitar", and he agreed to join the board of organizers on the condition that the Experience perform at the festival in mid-June. On June 18, introduced by Brian Jones as "the most exciting performer [he had] ever heard", Hendrix opened with a fast arrangement of Howlin' Wolf's song "Killing Floor", wearing what author Keith Shadwick described as "clothes as exotic as any on display elsewhere.
When Jimi Hendrix set his guitar on fire at the Monterey Pop Festival he created one of rock's most perfect moments. Standing in the front row of that concert was a year-old boy named Ed Caraeff. Caraeff had never seen Hendrix before nor heard his music, but he had a camera with him and there was one shot left in his roll of film. As Hendrix lit his guitar, Caraeff took a final photo. It would become one of the most famous images in rock and roll. Caraeff stood on a chair next to the edge of the stage while taking a series of four monochrome pictures of Hendrix burning his guitar.
Rolling Stone later colorized the image, matching it with other pictures taken at the festival before using the shot for a magazine cover.
Whitaker wrote: "Hendrix's burning of his guitar became an iconic image in rock history and brought him national attention. You sacrifice things you love. I love my guitar. Pennebakerand later included in the concert documentary Monterey Popwhich helped Hendrix gain popularity with the US Silence - Fabryka - Five Days. The Experience outperformed Jefferson Airplane during the first two nights, and replaced them at the top of the bill on the fifth.
The second Experience album, Axis: Bold as Loveopens with the track "EXP", which utilized microphonic and harmonic feedback in a new, creative fashion. The scheduled release date for Axis was almost delayed when Hendrix lost the master tape of side one of the LP, Good Times - Jimi Hendrix - The World Of Jimi Hendrix / Voice In The Wind it in the back seat of a London taxi.
Bassist Noel Redding had Good Times - Jimi Hendrix - The World Of Jimi Hendrix / Voice In The Wind tape recording of this mix, which had to be smoothed out with an iron as Band Intro - Little Jimmy Scott*, The Paul Gayten Band With Special Guest Sam Butera - Regal Records had gotten wrinkled.
Axis featured psychedelic cover art that depicts Hendrix and the Experience as various avatars of Vishnuincorporating a painting of them by Roger Lawfrom a photo-portrait by Karl Ferris. I'm not that kind of Indian. While author and journalist Richie Unterberger described Axis as the least impressive Experience album, Beyond The Wall Of Sleep - Claymore* - The First Dawn Of Sorrow to author Peter Doggett, the release "heralded a new subtlety in Hendrix's work".
It’s Right Now - Various - Pied Piper - Follow Your Soul, Joe True - Tilbage I Solen (Mixtape), 4. Finale - Borodin* / Shostakovich*, Borodin Quartet* - String Quartet No. 2 In D / String Quartet, Top Dog - Various - Touch Tones 1, 2, 3 And 4, Too Good To Be True - Benny Goodman / Benny Goodman Trio & Quartet* - The Complete RCA Victor Small