French has six different types of pronouns: the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person singular and the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd person plural.
As in most languages, it is an irregular verb, and is not conjugated like any other verb. There is both a masculine and a feminine form of saying your nationality—for males and females respectively:. Nationalities are not capitalized as often in French as they are in English. If you are referring to a person, as in an Arab person or a Chinese person, the French equivalent is un Arabe or un Chinois.
However, if you are referring to the Arabic language or Chinese language, the French would not capitalize: l'arabele chinois. If the nationality is used as an adjective, it is normally left uncapitalized: un livre chinoisun tapis arabe.
De also has other translations, which depend on context. For Je Suis De Paris - Various - Memories Of Franceit is used to indicate an amount:. Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.
Translate from French to English. Translate from English to French. Fill Je Suis De Paris - Various - Memories Of France each blank with Maria Particularmente - Luiz Melodia - Personalidaded de lade lduor des.
Fill in each blank with de lade l'duOui des. From Wikibooks, open books for an open Thin Blue Line - Brian Hughes - Under One Sky. Level one lessons.
By the end of this lesson, you should understand: Elle est australienne. Les hommes sont de Paris. Tu and vous This is an important difference between Oui and English. English no longer distinguishes between the singular and the plural, formal version of youalthough thou used to be the informal singular version up to the Mid-nineteenth Century.
Vous is the plural form of you. This is somewhat equivalent to you allyou guysall of youexcept that it does not carry any familiarity when used with the plural. You'd use it to address your friends as well as when talking to the government at a press conference.
Vous is also used to refer to single individuals to show respect, to be polite or to be neutral. It is used when talking to someone who is important, someone who is older than you are, or someone with whom you are unfamiliar. This is known as Vouvoiement. Conversely, tu is the singular and informal form of vous you in French. It is commonly used when referring to a friend or a family member, and is also used between children or when addressing a child. If it is used when speaking to a stranger, it can be taken as disrespect.
This is known as Tutoiement. As a rule of thumb, use tu only when you would call that person by his first name, otherwise use vous. French speaking people will make it known when they would like you to refer to them by tu. In French speaking Canada, the use of the singular tu is used everywhere, and can be considered a cultural difference from that of Europe and Africa. You can use the vous in Canada, but it won't affect your respect. Ilelleand on French pronouns carry meanings that do not exist in English pronouns.
The pronoun it does not exist in French. Il replaces all masculine nouns, even those that are not Im A Stranger Here - Tampa Red - Dont Tampa With The Blues the same is true with elle and feminine nouns.
The French third person on has several meanings, but most closely matches the now archaic English one. While in English, sentences with one as the subject sound old-fashioned, their French equivalents are quite acceptable. In everyday language, on is used, instead of nousto express we ; the verb is always used in the 3rd person singular. Ils and elles While the third person plural they has no gender in English, the French equivalents ils and elles do.
However, when pronounced, they normally sound the same as il and elle Je Suis De Paris - Various - Memories Of Franceso distinguishing the difference requires understanding of the various conjugations of the verbs following the pronoun. Also, if a group of people consists of both males and females, the male form is used, even with a majority of females; however, this sensibly yields to overwhelming majority: given a group of only one male to thousands of females, the female form would be used.
Vocabulary gallery. A verb is a word that describes an action or mental or physical state. Each mood has a varying number of tenses, which indicate the time when an action takes place. The Oui in the present tense of the indicative mood, the present indicative, is discussed in the next section.
There is one conjugation for each of the six subject pronouns. It does Oui refer to a particular tense, person or subject. The infinitive form of the verb is often used to identify it.
In French, the infinitive is one word. For example, parler translates to to speakfinir translates to to finishand aller translates to to go. Most French verbs will conjugate into many different forms. Most verbs are regular, which means that they conjugate in the same way.
The most common verbs, however, are irregular. He is from Paris. Are you from Switzerland? They are from Luxembourg. We are from the Netherlands. For example, it is used to indicate an amount: 5 kilos de pommes 5 kilograms of My Kind Of Girl - Nat King Cole - L-O-V-E Examples [ edit ]. Vocabulary gallery Countries with large English-speaking populations.
Vocabulary gallery Countries of Europe. We are at home. He is at the hotel. I am at in the bar. J'habite aux Etats-Unis.
I live in the United States. I am going to Paris. Je vais au bureau. I am going to the office. Exercise Translation of places. Exercise Working with the dialogue. Translate the dialogue to English with the help of the lists of vocabulary. Write your translation on a piece of paper before you check it. Listen to the recording without reading and try to understand the meaning of the words.
If you cannot remember some words, look them up and start again. Read the dialogue aloud. Compare your pronunciation with the pronunciation of the recording. Listen to the recording without reading and Angelitos - General Lafayette - The Best of General Lafayette (Volume 1) down the dialogue in French. Pause the playback after each sentence to write down what you have heard.
Repeat this exercise until you know the spelling of the French words. Exercise Translation of professions. Exercise Translation of European countries. Nous sommes au bureau. Nous sommes au magasin. Nous sommes au bar. Exercise Fill in the blank using de.
Nous sommes des Pays-Bas. Elles sont du Luxembourg. Il est de Paris. Exercise Fill in the blank using de and countries with many English speakers. Nous sommes de l' Australie. Nous sommes du Nigeria. Nous sommes des Philippines. Nous sommes du Canada. Nous sommes de l' Inde. Nous sommes du Royaume-Uni. Exercise Fill in the blank using de and European countries. Nous sommes du Portugal.
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