A sequel is a literaturefilmtheatretelevisionmusic or video game that continues the story of, or expands upon, some earlier work. In the common context of a narrative work of fictiona sequel portrays events set in the same fictional universe as an earlier work, usually chronologically following the events of that work.
In many cases, the sequel continues elements of the original story, often with the same characters and settings. A sequel can lead to a seriesin which key elements appear repeatedly. Although the difference between Sequal - Sequal than one sequel and a series is somewhat arbitrary, it is clear that some media franchises have enough sequels to become a series, whether originally planned as such or not.
Sequels are attractive to creators and to publishers because there is less risk involved in returning to a story with known popularity rather than developing new and untested characters and settings. Audiences are sometimes eager for more stories about popular characters or settings, making the production of sequels financially appealing. In movies, sequels are very common.
There are many name formats for sequels. Sometimes, they either have unrelated titles or have a letter added on the end. More commonly, they have numbers at the end or have added words on the end. In the s, many musical sequels had the year included in the title. Sometimes Sequal - Sequal are released with different titles in different countries, because of the perceived brand recognition.
There are several ways that subsequent works can be related to the chronology of the original. Various neologisms have been coined to describe them. The most common approach is for the events Badlands - Bruce Springsteen - Greatest Hits the second work to directly follow the events of the first one, either resolving remaining plot threads or introducing a new conflict to drive the events of the second story.
This is often called a direct sequel. A legacy sequel is a work which follows the continuity of the original work sbut takes place further along the timeline, often focusing on new characters with the original ones still present in the plot.
An example of this is Halloween which is a direct sequel to Halloween When a work is set in the same universe, yet has very little if any narrative connection to its predecessor, and can stand on its own without a thorough understanding of the franchise, the work can be referred to as a standalone sequel.
An installment that is made following the original product, that portrays events prior those of the original work is called a prequel. Midquel is a term used to refer to works which take place between Sequal - Sequal . There are Sequal - Sequal types of "midquels",  such Sequal - Sequal interquels.
Interquels are Sequal - Sequal that take place in between two preceding stories and serve as a sequel to one, and a prequel to another simultaneously. For example, if 'movie C' is an interquel of 'movies A' and 'B', the events of 'movie C' take place after the events of 'movie A', but before the events of 'movie B'. Intraquels on the other hand are works which focus on events that place between the events of a single film.
Examples include Beauty and the Beast: The Enchanted Christmas which takes place during Christmas between the beginning and the end of Beauty and the Beastand Bambi IIwhich takes place during the gap between the death of Bambi 's mother and the character's reappearance as a young adult in Bambi. In The Afterlife of a CharacterDavid Brewer describes a reader's desire to "see more", or to know what happens next in the narrative after it has ended.
Indeed, we can point to Homer's Odyssey as a sequel to the Iliad in the sense that it expands upon plot and character elements established in the first text. That both the Odyssey and the Iliad were written in the 8th century B. The Judeo-Christian Bible is also a common referent in that sense; many of the works included in the Hebrew Scriptures can be classified as sequels in that they continue and expand on a very general narrative that is pre-established by previous books in the same collection.
In addition, the development of an official canon allows for the distinction between official and unofficial sequels; in this context, apocrypha might be considered an early form of informal sequel literature. Sequels, then, become an important facet of Western literature throughout history.
The medieval genre of chivalric romancein particular, contains massive Another Brick In The Wall (Radio Edit) - Various - La Plus Grande Discothèque Du Monde Vol.23 of prequel and sequel literature.
The origin of the sequel as we think of it in the 21st century developed from the novella and romance traditions in a slow process that culminated towards the end Sequal - Sequal the 17th century. The substantial shift towards a rapidly growing print culture and the rise of the market system by the early 18th-century meant that an author's merit and livelihood became increasingly linked to the number of copies of a work he or she could sell.
This shift from a text-based to an author-centered reading culture  led to the "professionalization" of the author — that is, the development of a "sense of identity based on a marketable skill and on supplying to a defined public a specialized service it was demanding. In addition to serving economic profit, the sequel was also used as a method to strengthen an author's claim to his literary property.
With weak copyright laws and unscrupulous booksellers willing to sell whatever they could, in some cases the only way to prove ownership of a text was to produce another like it. Sequels in this sense are rather limited in scope, as the authors are focused on producing "more of the same" to defend their "literary paternity".
This became especially important in the economy of the 18th century novel, in which authors often maintained readership by drawing readers back with the promise of more of what they liked from the original. With sequels, therefore, came the implicit division of readers by authors into the categories of "desirable" and "undesirable"—that is, those who interpret the text in a way unsanctioned by the author. Only after having achieved a significant reader base would an author feel free to alienate or ignore the "undesirable" readers.
This concept of "undesirable" readers extends to unofficial sequels with the 18th century novel. While in certain historical contexts unofficial sequels were actually the norm for an example, see Arthurian literaturewith the emphasis on the author function that arises in conjunction with the novel many authors began to see these kinds of unauthorized extensions as being in direct conflict with authorial authority.
In response, Cervantes very firmly kills the protagonist at the end of the Second Part to discourage any more such creative liberties. Sequal - Sequal was extremely vocal in his disapproval of the way the protagonist of his novel Pamela was repeatedly incorporated into unauthorized sequels featuring particularly lewd plots. The most famous of these is Henry Fielding 's parody, entitled Shamela. In To Renew Their Former Acquaintance: Print, Gender, and Some Eighteenth Century SequelsBetty Schellenberg theorizes that whereas for male writers in the 18th century sequels often served as "models of paternity and property", for women writers these models were more likely to be seen as transgressive.
Instead, the recurring readership Sequal - Sequal by sequels let Love Will Keep You Warm - Swan Lee - The Complete Collection writers function within the model of "familiar acquaintances reunited to enjoy the mutual pleasures of conversation", and made their writing an "activity within a private, non-economic sphere".
Ironically, through this created perception women writers were able to break into the economic sphere and "enhance their professional status" through authorship.
Dissociated from the motives of profit and therefore unrestrained by the need for continuity felt by male Sequal - Sequal , Schellenberg Ode To Don Jose - Teengirl Fantasy - Mix 4 Dis Mag that female-authored sequel fiction tended to have a much broader scope.
For example, Sarah Fielding 's Adventures of David Simple and its sequels Familiar Letters between the Principal Characters in David Simple and David Simple, Eating My Words - Four Year Strong - Four Year Strong the Last are extremely innovative and cover almost the entire range of popular narrative styles of the 18th century. As the cost of developing a triple-A video game has risen,    sequels have become increasingly common in the video game industry.
In some cases, the characters or the settings of an original film or video game become so valuable that they develop into a media franchise.
Generally, a whole series of sequels is made, along with merchandising. Multiple sequels are often planned well in advance and actors and directors may sign Sequal - Sequal contracts to ensure their participation. This can extend into a franchise's initial Sequal - Sequal plot to provide story material to develop Sequal - Sequal sequels called sequel hooks.
Movie sequels do not always do The Thought - The Thought well at the box office as the original, but they tend to do better than non-sequels, according to a study in the July issue of the Journal of Business Research. The shorter the period between releases, the better the sequel does at the box office. Sequels also show a faster Sequal - Sequal in weekly revenues relative to non-sequels.
Sequels are most often produced in the same medium as the previous work e. Producing sequels to a work in another medium has recently become common, especially when the new medium is less costly or time-consuming to produce.
A sequel to a popular but discontinued television series may be produced in another medium, thereby bypassing whatever factors led to the series' cancellation. Till Eulenpiegels Lustige Streiche Op.
28 - Richard Strauss, The London Symphony Orchestra London Sy highly popular movies and television series have inspired Man On A Mission - Gamma Ray - Blast From The Past production of multiple novel sequels, sometimes rivaling or even dwarfing the volume of works in the original medium.
For example, the novel The Hundred and One Dalmatiansits animated adaptation and that film's live-action remake each have a sequel unrelated to the other sequels: respectively The Starlight BarkingDalmatians II: Patch's London Adventuredirect to video and Dalmatians Sometimes sequels are produced without the consent of the creator of the original work.
These may be dubbed unofficial, informal, unauthorized, or illegitimate sequels. In some cases, the work is in the public domainand there is no legal obstacle to producing sequels. An example would be books and films serving as sequels to the book The Wonderful Wizard of Ozwhich is in the public domain as opposed to its film adaptation. In other cases, the original creator or their heirs may assert copyrights and Sequal - Sequal the creators of the sequels.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Narrative that continues the story of previous work. Sequal - Sequal other uses, see Sequel disambiguation. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. January Main article: Media franchise. This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Cliffhanger Crossover fiction Film series List of video game franchises List of film sequels by box-office improvement Prequel List of prequels Reboot fiction Remake Shared Sequal - Sequal Spin-off media Spiritual successor Standalone film Tetralogy Trilogy.
The New York Times. Retrieved Lexicon Urthus, Second Edition. Sirius Fiction. Retrieved 30 July Cinematic Slant. Retrieved September 11, Horror Films of the s. Concise Oxford English dictionary.
Oxford University Press. Prequels focus on the action that took place before the original narrative. A prequel assumes that the audience is familiar with the original—the audience must rework the narrative so that they can understand how the prequel leads up to the beginning of the original.
The Afterlife of Character, — Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, Sequal - Sequal University of Delaware Press. Of particular interest to me in this essay is the shift from a text-based to an author-based culture, accompanied by a developing elevation of the original author over the imitative one.
Paul Budra and Sequal - Sequal A.
Queen - Live At Wembley Stadium (DVD, Album), Emma Ruth Rundle - Some Heavy Ocean, Long Long Weekend - NQB - Long Long Weekend, Vieni a Vedere Perchè - Cesare Cremonini - Più Che Logico (Live), Maru Pt. 1 (Tobias Von Hofsten Remix) - Safety Session - Maru Part 1 Ltd